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Haematology and Biochemistry

Full blood count is one of the most commonly performed tests.

Anaemia and inflammation can be detected. Direct observation of a blood sample under the microscope may diagnose various illnesses such as leuchaemia or thrombophilia (too many platelets that may lead to occluded blood vessels).

Blood biochemistry tests. Plasma, the liquid component of blood after red and white blood cells have been removed can be tested for enzymes, proteins and trace elements.
Each of the parameters tested may indicate which organ system such as the liver or kidneys may not be functioning properly.
Profiles have been organized so that most parameters relating to specific organs can be tested in groups aiding accuracy.

Enzymes (e.g. ALAT, ASPAT),
Hormones (e.g. fT3, fT4 and TSH),
Proteins (e.g. albumin, immunoglobulin),
Electrolytes (e.g. Na, K), trace elements (e.g. Cu Mg)
  • Basic biochemistry profile
    Glucose, urea, creatinine, bilirubin, AST, ALT, alkaline phosphatase, gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT), albumin, protein, cholesterol, triglyceride, high-density lipoprotein (HDL cholesterol), low-density lipoprotein (LDL cholesterol), calcium, phosphorus, sodium, potassium, chloride and uric acid.
  • Renal (Kidney) profile
    Sodium, potassium, urea and creatinine
  • Hepatic profile
    Transaminases (alanine and asparagine), gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT), alkaline phosphatase, bilirubin and albumin.
  • Bone profile
    Protein, albumin, calcium, phosphorus and alkaline phosphatase.
  • Cardiac profile
    Transaminases (alanine and asparagine), creatine kinase, lactate dehydrogenase and potassium.
  • Lipid profile
    Cholesterol, triglyceride, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL).
  • Thyroid profile
    Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3).

 

INDICATIONS TO PERFORM A TEST

Your doctor is probably the best person to advise what test you need after you have discussed together your personal and your family medical history. Always seek professional medical advice as many illnesses may produce symptoms that you may not relate to the causative mechanism. For example, a peptic ulcer may cause fatigue due to chronic blood loss.

  • Routine tests to evaluate patient health (obligatory for some professions).
  • Screening tests: Performed for health assessment. Evaluating total cholesterol as well as it’s fractions and triglycerides may give a good indication of the risk of developing heart disease.